Definition and classification of degradable plastics

At present we use flexible packaging film raw materials, basically belong to non-degradable materials. Although many countries and enterprises are committed to the development of degradable materials, but the degradable materials that can be used for flexible packaging has not yet been replaced by large-scale production. With the country’s increasing attention to environmental protection, many provinces and cities have issued a plastic limit or even in some areas of the “ban plastic laws. Therefore, for flexible packaging enterprises, the correct understanding of degradable materials, is a good use of degradable materials, to achieve green sustainable packaging premise.

Plastic degradation refers to the environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, moisture, oxygen, etc.), its structure has significant changes, performance loss process.

The degradation process is affected by many environmental factors. According to its degradation mechanism, degradable plastics can be divided into photodegradable plastics, biodegradable plastics, photobiodegradable plastics and chemical degradable plastics. Biodegradable plastics can be divided into complete biodegradable plastics and incomplete biodestructive plastics.

1. Photodegradable plastics

Photodegradable plastic refers to the plastic material in sunlight cracking decomposition reaction, so that the material in sunlight after a period of time to lose mechanical strength, become powder, some can be further microbial decomposition, into the natural ecological cycle. In other words, after the molecular chain of photodegradable plastic is destroyed by the photochemical method, the plastic will lose its own strength and embrittlement, and then become powder through the corrosion of nature, enter the soil, and re-enter the biological cycle under the action of microorganisms.

2. Biodegradable plastics

Biodegradation is generally defined as: biodegradation refers to the process of chemical transformation of compounds through the action of biological enzymes or chemical degradation produced by microorganisms. In this process, photodegradation, hydrolysis, oxidative degradation and other reactions may also occur.

Biodegradable plastic mechanism is: by bacteria or hydrolase polymer material into carbon dioxide, methane, water, mineralized inorganic salts and new plastics. In other words, biodegradable plastics are plastics that degrade by the action of naturally occurring microorganisms such as bacteria, molds (fungi) and algae.

The ideal biodegradable plastic is a kind of polymer material with excellent performance, which can be completely decomposed by environmental microorganisms and finally become a part of the carbon cycle in nature. That is, the decomposition into the next level of molecules can be further decomposed or absorbed by natural bacteria, etc.

The principle of biodegradation is divided into two classes: first, there is a biophysical degradation, when microbial attack after erosion of polymer materials, due to the biological growth thin made polymer components hydrolysis, ionization or protons and split into pieces of oligomer, the molecular structure of the polymer is changeless, the polymer biophysical function of the degradation process. The second type is biochemical degradation, due to the direct action of microorganisms or enzymes, the polymer decomposition or oxidative degradation into small molecules, until the final decomposition of carbon dioxide and water, this degradation mode belongs to biochemical degradation mode.

2. Biodestructive degradation of plastic

Biodestructive degradable plastics, also known as collapse plastics, are a composite system of biodegradable polymers and general plastics, such as starch and polyolefin, which are combined in a certain form and are not completely degraded in the natural environment and may cause secondary pollution.

3. Completely biodegradable plastics

According to their sources, there are three types of fully biodegradable plastics: polymer and its derivatives, microbial synthetic polymer and chemical synthetic polymer. At present, starch plastic is the most widely used compound flexible packaging.

4. Natural biodegradable plastics

Natural biodegradable plastics refer to natural polymer plastics, which are biodegradable materials prepared from natural polymer materials such as starch, cellulose, chitin and protein. This kind of material comes from various sources, can be completely biodegradable, and the product is safe and non-toxic.

Based on the degradation of different ways, as well as in different parts of the request, now we need the client identity of biodegradable materials is completely degradation, degradation and landfill or compost, require existing plastic material degradation for materials such as carbon dioxide, water and mineralized inorganic salts, can easily be absorbed by nature or recycle again by nature.

Post time: Jul-14-2022

Subscribe To Our Newsletter

For inquiries about our products or pricelist, please leave your email to us and we will be in touch within 24 hours.

Follow Us

on our social media
  • facebook
  • sns03
  • sns02